|Candida is a yeast (mold or fungus) which commonly grows in/on human skin, and in the human digestive, urinary, reproductive and respiratory organs. Candida frequently causes life-threatening infections in humans with immunocompromised immune systems such as patients with HIV, leukemia/lymphomas/other cancers, those on immunosuppressive drugs, and the severely malnourished.|
In people with reasonably functional immune systems, Candida can still cause a number of health problems including digestive problems, increased risk for allergy, and infections to the urinary and sex organs. Candida albicans is the most common species of Candida in humans. Candida albicans is present in 2 forms- a yeast like single cell form, and a hyphal or chain-like form which generally has more virulence and invasiveness than the yeast form.
Various animal studies have reported that combined lung infections involving both pathogenic bacteria (such as Staphylococcus aureus) and Candida have significantly higher mortality than infection with either pathogen alone 5. The authors concluded that much more research is needed to study lung infections involving both pathogenic bacteria and Candida. 1.
References / Sources
4. Gileles-Hillel A, Shoseyov D, Polacheck I, Korem M, Kerem E, Cohen-Cymberknoh M. Association of chronic Candida albicans respiratory infection with a more severe lung disease in patients with cystic fibrosis. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2015;50(11):1082-1089.
Related Articles and videos