|It has long been known than Aspergillus species (especially A. fumigatus, flavus, niger and terreus) can cause life threatening infections in severely immunocompromised patients such as those with HIV/AIDS , leukemia/lymphoma, or on immune suppressing drugs for bone or organ transplants.|
Mireya Wessolossky et al. Invasive Aspergillus infections in hospitalized patients with chronic lung disease. Infection and Drug Resistance 2013;6:33-39.
Non immunocompromised patients were long believed not to be at risk for severe Aspergillus infections. However, in recent years it also has becoming apparent that life threatening Aspergillus infections can occur in patients without severe immune system compromise.