My Account

Economic Costs Of Indoor Molds- Estimated $22.4 Billion Us Annually

Print Friendly, PDF & Email
Exposure to indoor molds can trigger and/or significantly increase the severity of many adverse health effects including asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, bronchitis and respiratory infections. 

A 2010 meta-analysis of 23 published studies reported that exposure to indoor mold is associated with a statistically significant 45% increased risk of bronchitis and 44% increased risk of respiratory infections

1. As earlier reported in this column. other meta-analysis have reported that indoor mold or water damage exposure is associated with significantly increased risk of asthma (average 50% increased risk from 16 studies)

2. and rhinitis/sinusitis (average increase risk 82% from 31 studies )

3. The economic costs of indoor mold and moisture exposure are considerable and include medical and hospital costs, lost work and school productivity, and increased death rates.

A 2016 analysis estimated that the economic costs of indoor mold and related water dampness problems are about $22.4 billion. These annual USA costs amount to $3.7 billion for allergic rhinitis, $1.9 billion for bronchitis, $15.1 billion for asthma morbidity and $1.7 billion for asthma mortality4. Many studies have reported that indoor control of water and mold problems can significantly reduce medical and lost productivity costs.

 {module FL-VOL1}


References / Sources

1. Fisk WJ, Eliseeva EA, Mendell MJ. Association of residential dampness and mold with respiratory tract infections and bronchitis: a meta-analysis. Environ Health 2010;9:72.

2. Quansah R JM, Huggt, et al. Residential dampness and molds and the risk of developing asthma: A systematic reveiew an meta-analysis. PLOS ONE 2012;7(E47526).

3. Jaakkola JJ, Hwang BF, Jaakkola N. Home dampness and molds, parental atopy, and asthma in childhood: a six-year population-based cohort study. Environ Health Perspect 2005;113(3):357-61.

4. Mudarri DH. Valuing the Economic Costs of Allergic Rhinitis, Acute Bronchitis, and Asthma from Exposure to Indoor Dampness and Mold in the US. J Environ Public Health 2016;2016:2386596.



Related Articles and videos
{module Related Articles}


Share on Facebook
Share on Reddit
Share via Email
Share on Twitter

Leave a Reply

Recent Articles

Weekly Q&A Show

Featured Sponsor

Follow Us

Doug's Books

Doug Kaufmann has written many books that cover a full range or health issues. Find out which of his books best suits you by clicking the button below.

The Kaufmann Diet

Doug Kaufmann developed his diet after years studying the clinical effects of pathogenic fungi on the body. Fungi and yeasts can become parasitic organisms on and inside our body, causing health problems that can be difficult to diagnose. Learn more about the Kaufmann Diet, change your life and know the cause.

The Science of Fungus

We encourage all visitors to this site to take some time and study these technical articles prior to initiating lifestyle changes, including dietary changes and to do so with their physician’s awareness and approval. The articles posted in this link are scientific and with few exceptions are taken from medical journals familiar to healthcare workers.

Our Healthy Recipes

Looking for help assembling antifungal Kaufmann Diet approved recipes for breakfast, lunch or dinner? We have several videos, books and recipe write ups here on Know the Cause that will help your health journey. The recipes in this section are so good, you’ll feel like you’re indulging. No sacrifice needed! Enjoy.